The Black Population & Its Significant History
The Black population in the U.S. encompasses both African Americans and more recent African and Caribbean immigrants. Approximately 42 million people in the U.S.—that is 13.2%—identify themselves as Black and another 1% self-identify as multiracial.
There are significant differences in the rates of access, diagnosis and treatment for African Americans that negatively impact their health.
Historical adversity—for example, slavery, sharecropping, and segregation, along with other means of race-based exclusion from health, educational, social and economic resources—has led to socioeconomic disparities in the Black Community.